Ecological History of Banni Grasslands Can Be Understood by Paleoecological Clues. The net primary production in this grassland ecosystem is currently mediated by precipitation during the Indian summer monsoon (ISM). It was once among Asia’s finest grasslands, with nearly 200 varieties of vegetation by some counts. Banni grasslands of Kachchh, Gujarat, India: Problems, present status and prospects November 2015 In book: Grassland: A global resource perspective (pp.105-121) They are known for rich wildlife and biodiversity and are spread across an area of 3,847 square kilometres. Like most other tropical grassland and savanna ecosystems, the Banni is predicted to experience recurrent droughts and increased human-use in the future. Despite of its harsh climatic conditions this vast land being shared by different types of life forms that inhabits above and beneath the surface. Although primarily nocturnal, they may also be active during the day, depending on the weather, and spend most of their waking hours feeding. Grasslands are types of vegetation mainly comprised of grasses belonging to the families Poaceae that include plants like millets, rice, wheat, bluegrass, ryegrass, bamboos, sugarcane and many more. The case of vanishing grasslands of Banni, Kutch presents some unique insights into how an ecosystem responds to policy decisions. The main objective was to investigate the local perceptions of grassland change, regeneration potentiality, socio-economic status and factors that cause degradation of the vegetation resources in Banni. With the Great Rann of Kachchh to its south and the Kalo Dungar (Black Hills) to its north, the Banni Grasslands Reserve, the second-largest in Asia, covers around 3,847 square kilometres. Banni grassland is peculiar to the Rann of Kutch, it has some forty Sindhi speaking Maldhari hamlets, home to the Halaypotra, Hingorja and Mutwa tribes, it was first declared a "protected forest" in May 1955, using the nomenclature of the Indian Forest Act, 1927. The biophysical and biological attributes of the Banni grassland, within the rann of Kutch in south west India, are described. Banni Grasslands or the Banni Grassland reserve are tucked into the salty flats of the Kutch District in Gujarat. Banni, located in the arid western India, is one of the largest tropical grasslands of the Asian continent. Koordinaten: 23 ° 33'00 "N 69 ° 16'00" E  /  23,55000 69,26667 ° N ° E  / Banni Graslansschaften ReserveoderBanni Rasenbilden einen Gürtel austrockenem Grünland Ökosystemauf dem äußeren südlichen Rande derWüstedes sumpfigenSalzes WohnungenvonRann of KutchimBezirk … These shifts were Puri et al., (1959) made some observations on the grasses of Banni area and reported the Locals sometimes consider them crazy due to their bizarre social interactions, as they will often cough, hiss, and scream in piercing tones. Mid-late Holocene vegetation response to climatic drivers and biotic disturbances in the Banni grasslands of western India Author links open overlay panel Anusree A.S. Pillai a b Ambili Anoop c d 1 Mahesh Sankaran a e 1 Prasanta Sanyal d Deepak K. Jha d Jayashree Ratnam a 1 From the late-Holocene to the present, there was a mix of both C3 and C4 vegetation, with C4 grasses being more abundant in the ecosystem. Vegetation. It is a stunted forest growths of diverse grass species. Vegetation is double layered storey with closed canopy which hardly permits a single ray of sunlight to penetrate in the natural vegetation. Plants in the Opuntioideae cactus group are highly invasive succulent shrubs that degrade native vegetation and pasture. Diet: Vegetation, rats, possums, insects, reptiles, and other small prey. The Banni grassland could be improved only in the good rainfall years. The Indus river once flowed through this region, and communities that migrated from what are now Iran, Afghanistan, Sindh and Balochistan have lived here for centuries. The Banni grasslands begin at the southern edge of the marshy salt-flats of the Rann of Kutch and cover 3,487 sq km. Aus Wikipedia, der freien Enzyklopädie. The vegetation Banni of grasslands is dominated by grasses, few herbs, fewer shrubs and trees. Banni grassland (latitude-23°19′N to 23°52′N and longitude-68°56′E to 70°32′E) lies in the arid region located in Gujarat, India. GUIDE - Faunal Diversity of Arid Banni Grasslands of Kachchh District, Gujarat Shajeevan, Kachchh - Indigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK) of Maldharis on Animal Health Care in Banni Region, Kachchh, Gujarat . This study was conducted in the Banni region of the Gujarat State, India, which is located in the western-most end of the country. Shola grasslands consist of dwarf trees growing 25-30 feet. The Banni grassland has a complex ecological history. It was once Asia's 2nd largest tropical grassland with an approximate area of 2610 Km 2.Prosopis Juliflora was introduced in Banni in select areas in 1960s to control salinity ingress and maintain green cover in the area. Anusree AS Pillai, Ambili Anoop, Vandana Prasad, MC Manoj, Saju Varghese, Mahesh Sankaran, and Jayashree Ratnam. 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